Types of Child Care

Programs for children come in all shapes and sizes.  Sometimes the names themselves can be confusing.  However, all programs fall into two basic categories – regulated and unregulated.

Regulated programs in Kentucky are required to meet basic standards for health, safety and programming set by the Kentucky Cabinet for Families and Children.  Regulated caregivers have a state license or certificate.

Regulated Child Care in Kentucky:

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  • Licensed Child Care (Type I) cares for 13 or more children usually with separate age groups in a non-residential setting, this includes preschools and school-age programs. These programs must meet specific state licensing regulations.
  • Licensed Family Child Care Home (Type II) cares for 7-12 children unrelated to the provider in the providers own home. These programs must meet specific state licensing regulations.
  • Certified Family Child Care Home cares for 6 or fewer children unrelated to the provider in the providers own home. These programs must meet specific state certification.
  • Registered Child Care Provider provides care for 3 or fewer children and meets minimum training requirements for the Kentucky Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP).

Regulated Child Care in Indiana:

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  • Licensed Child Care provides child care for 13 or more children in separate age groups in a non-residential setting. These programs must meet specific state licensing regulations.
  • Registered Ministries are operated by a church or religious organization. This type of care does not have to be licensed but has to meet limited building and health regulations.
  • Licensed Child Care Homes are licensed and provide care for 6-12 children at a time in a provider’s home.

Unregulated Types of Child Care:

  • Nanny Services
  • Summer Camps
  • Parents Day Out Programs
  • Playgroups (parent involved)
  • Family/Friend/Neighbor

Parents should be aware that unregulated programs have not been inspected by a state agency.


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